The paradoxical poison of life and death - Eitr

Eitr is the fluid of life in Nordic mythology and is the origin of all living things. The first giant Ymir was conceived from Eitr. The substance is supposed to be very poisonous and is produced by Jörmungandr and other serpents.

The word Eitr exists in most North Germanic languages (all derived from the Old Norse language) in Icelandic eitur, in Danish edder, in Swedish etter. Cognates also exist in Dutch ether, in German Eiter (lit. pus), in Old Saxon ĕttar, in Old English ăttor. The meaning of the word is very broad: poisonous, evil, bad, angry, sinister, etc., and according to Wikipedia, the word is used in common Scandinavian folklore as a synonym for snake poison. 

From Teutonic Mythology by Viktor Rydberg:
"Eitr means the lowest degree of cold and poison at the same time ... tongues were made speechless with cold. In Saxo’s descriptions of the regions of misery in the lower world, it is only the torturing demons that speak. The dead are speechless, and suffer their agonies wi…

Ravishing GU Poison of China in Evergreen Ethnopharmacology

The Chinese masterpiece in Ethnopharmacology
Gu poison, the deadliest poison in medieval China, was collected by sealing venomous snakes, scorpions, and centipedes in a jar and forcing them to fight and devour each other. The surviving creature containing a concentrated toxin. Gu poison was considered a slow-acting poison. It was said to have no taste, allowing unsuspecting victims to go about their normal lives for as long as 10 days before they started feeling ill. Dating as far back as 610, gu is also described as a form of black magic and witchcraft with the poison being a central part of the practice. Concocting a strong formula of gu poison required the “five poisonous creatures” in China: the viper, centipede, scorpion, toad, and spider. The poisonous insects, worms, and reptiles, referred to as “chong,” were thought of as evil spirits or demons that possessed a vessel, or the human body. Gu poison has been associated with several regions and peoples in China throughout history…

Poisonous Poisson!!

FUGU DELICACY! Meet the fugu, aka Takifugu rubripes, a fish with the thick-lipped, thuggish face of a Chicago gangster. Fugu, or puffer fish, as it is commonly known, is a delicacy in Japan. It can also be deadly. Those who eat the liver, ovaries, gonads, intestines, or skin swallow tetrodotoxin, a powerful neurotoxin that jams the flow of sodium ions into nerve cells and stops nerve impulses dead in their tracks. They run the risk of suffering the fate of the famous Kabuki actor Mitsugoro Bando, who in 1975 spent a night feasting on fugu liver because he enjoyed the pleasant tingling it created on his tongue and lips. The tingling was followed by paralysis of his arms and legs, difficulty breathing, then, eight hours later—death. There is no known antidote. The source of the fugu's poison is a subject of debate. Tamao Noguchi, a researcher at Nagasaki University, believes the secret lies in the fugu's diet. Puffer fish, he explains, ingest toxins from small organisms—mollusk…

Join us at Envitox 2019,Prague

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Evince and enlighten at Envitox 2019

Envitox 2019 to bring together worldwide distinguished academics in the field of Environmental toxicology, Pharmacology, Soil toxicology, Ecotoxicology, Aquatic toxicology, Neuro Phaarmacology and more. Scientists, Academic scientists, Industry researchers, Scholars to exchange about state of the Research and Technologies can get a wide knowledge about toxicology and Pharmacology.

Attending International conference is for the Professional Development and to understand the current state of research and the challenges to future discovery.

We are pleased to inform you that all accepted abstracts will be published in the respective Allied Academies Journals. Accepted abstracts will be included in the conference proceedings which are to be distributed at the conference. Each abstract will receive a Digital Object Identification Number (DOI) provided by Cross Ref.

This conference will enlighten the mind of the people with a clear understanding of toxicology and pharmacology, which is the t…